Despite gaining independence (on 9 July 2011) following a long war after which Africa, for the first time, changed the national borders it inherited from its colonisation, Africa’s youngest country continues to be torn apart by civil wars and afflicted by an unprecedented humanitarian crisis.
The UN has launched its umpteenth appeal to tackle a tragedy that’s affecting 6.6 million people (around half of the population), caused by the escalation in violence and subsequent evacuation of the population. And whilst the political elite and the military continue to demonstrate their inability to find a path towards peace and reconciliation, the people face death from hunger as well as from a complete lack of infrastructure and services.
Their only alternative is to continue their traditional cattle farming, a symbol of wealth and prestige, however it often leads to outbreaks of violence and interethnic revenge attacks that seem impossible to resolve.
And so, after a long and bloody conflict to gain its independence from Khartoum, in South Sudan we can only speak about an independence without freedom, democracy or growth.