Zeyda Moussoukoro Mbaye, 58, prays together with her disciples at the Mosque of Cheikh Islam Baye Niasse in Castor, a quarter of Dakar. She is a successful entrepreneur with 58 employees and a member of the Chamber of Commerce of her hometown Kaoloak, but she also is a Muqaddam, as the spiritual leaders of the Sufi brotherhood of the Tijianiyya are called. She leads on a religious community of 600 men and women who follow her spiritual guidance. The Tijianiyya Brotherhood, which was founded by Ahmad al-Tijani (1737–1815) in Morocco, has always been popular with women because it allows the initiation of women as spiritual leaders. Today the Sufi order is mainly spread in West- and North East Africa, but it also has followers in the Middle East and Indonesia. The Tijianiyya is the Sufi order with the most members in Senegal.
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